Yul-gok Taekwondo Pattern Step 36 as Take Down

This is one of our resident 5th gups practising Step 36 of Taekwondo Pattern Yul-gok which is a High Side Back Fist in X-stance from Jump.

The Yul-gok technique as it features in the Karate form Bassai

What you are seeing is a left hand (the backfist) grabbing the lapel of green belt Daniel San and lifting it up, and the right hand is used to apply pressure from the outside of Daniel San's left elbow. This video was taken just while he was acquiring this technique, so you can see him processing the move in his head.

A really strong lift is important - as is the push of the left leg between the opponent's legs.

What I would have loved to see is more 'torque' in the video, using the left arm to lift the lapel higher, and the bottom hand to push harder on the elbow. The analogy we use for most throws is a steering wheel - and I don't see enough of that steering wheel happening here.

The opponent starts to topple sidewards
The still I took of the hold (done with opposite hand) seems to have a much better grip. You can't see Jacob's hand but Daniel San's right arm seems to be pushed in quite hard - and he's starting to lean outwards to Daniel San's right.

I'd also like to see evidence of that forward thrust, where that jump into x-stance translates to a forward push into the opponent, and really, the 'x-stance' creates a small 'inner circle' so that the opponent's centre of gravity is pushed out of his base - and thrown in this case to the left. Look at the still - once Jacob swings his back leg around and looks out to his left, you can imagine what impact that will have on Daniel San, who is even now struggling to keep his upright posture.

Turning the back foot around
What Jacob is doing quite well, despite slipping past a tight 'X-stance' in Step 36 of Yul-gok is he goes into a new stance whilst doing the turn, and starts moving in the direction of  Yul-gok Step 37, which is a forward balance and twin augmented fist block.

To make more sense of this technique, the practitioner can grab on to lapel or t-shirt (or even ear) and can apply a thumb jab into the bracchial nerve or under the ear. The outside pressure can be applied grabbing on to the opponent's tricep, or simply pushing on his elbow. A head butt, knee strike and the pushing forward motion plus spinning should do the job very nicely.

You don't have to hold the X-stance per se. It is merely a transitory stance in which you are changing the direction of the opponent's centre of gravity. In essence you don't hold the opponent in the X-stance, you use it to spin him around, and therefore where you really want to be is in the front lunge stance just like the next step of Yul-gok.

The net effect is you exchange places with your opponent, and let him fall where you were, creating a barrier between you and whoever was standing behind you when you began the move. OR if there's no one behind you, perhaps you might decide to accelerate him into those chairs, or better still put him into the 'Lost Property Box'.

See more posts on Taekwondo Pattern Yul-gok, then come take my Taekwondo Quiz to see how much you know about Taekwondo, and then come tell us how you did on our FaceBook page.

Colin Wee
Joong Do Kwan Chung Sah Nim
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