Grabbing the Opponent and using him as a Shield
|Heian Shodan - 'Teacup Saucer' and side kick|
|Won-hyo - bypassing the transition 'teacup saucer' and showing chambering of sidekick in step 7|
|http://www.securityguide.us/2012/01/17/judo-self-defense-techniques-o-goshi-judo-flip-tips/ shows your standard O-goshi hip or neck throw. You don't have to throw the opponent. If you grab the opponent's nose, you can crank their head all the way around and reposition them using an Aiki 'irimi' - creating a very compliant shield.|
Lastly, in Yul-gok and Chulgi ... the open hand extension and elbow strike can be leveraged to block two sequential punches, pulling the opponent into a neck embrace and a landing an elbow or heel palm to the side of the head or neck. Whilst here, the opponent is pulled closer, has his head pushed down, and then lands up in the ol' 'Teacup Saucer' grip, and where you use the 'Teacup' to smack him on the back or side of the neck.
|http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/best_neck_workouts.htm shows a position you might easily find yourself in - you should be able to counterstrike with the other hand, knee strike, pull the opponent closer to you and push his head down so you'll end up in a teacup saucer position. Irrespective of the final position, you can use this position as a shield against your opponent's other home boys coming after you.|
This type of control allows you to progress strikes or close quarter combat to apply control over the opponent. In the dojo setting, you might see this as a nice takedown exercise and it might look 'cool' to drop your opponent with minimal effort - in comparison to effort it takes to perform a shoulder throw or even a leg reaping throw.
But seeing this as just another funky way of taking down the opponent is to ignore the exercise as a way of improving your multiple person skills. Yes, please let's all go beyond thinking that you can stand right between two opponents and block simultaneous attacks that are launched equi-distance and timed just nice for that kodak opportunity.
|http://www.galwaytkd.com/aboutTKD.html shows off a REALLY nice photo. But that's all it is.|
The multiple person drill (see Multiple Opponent Sparring Drill too) we use requires the defender to try and move and line up attackers so we only have to deal with the one person at one time. In order to reduce the speed of movement, sooner or later you'll need to start control that one attacker close to you and to use that person as a shield - keeping this person between you and his other homies.
I have seen my students all too often use both hands to grab onto their 'shield' and try to run left and right to position themselves nicely. There's no overhand neck grab, under the arm grab, no neck control, no striking with the elbow whilst grabbing, making for head butts and basically there's no reality involved. Now that's fine in the dojo setting when we're having some fun and learning environmental awareness. But the situation begs you to consider using one arm more effectively as a control mechanism and the other as a striking tool AND then to be able to manipulate the opponent. Of course all the while preventing his girlfriends trying to jump on your back.
This post has mostly focused on the Step 7 'Teacup Saucer' technique in Won-hyo, but check out Yul-guk: If you control the Head, you control the Body. In the Yul-gok post, the aim is to get to the head to perform a throw or takedown. Of course, it's not too difficult in that throwing position to shoot in closer and then control the neck - so I'd say it's part of the same bag of skills you'd need when up close.
Joong Do Kwan Chung Sah Nim
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